Prevalence of diabetes mellitus in high worldwide. The quantity of people suffering from diabetes has increased significantly from 108 mln in 1980 to 422 mln in 2014. It is expected that this number will reach 700 mln in 2025 (Tawanda Chivese, Werfalli Mahmoud, South Africa & USA, 2016).
What is Diabetes? Why Does It Develop?
Diabetes is a disease of a chronic nature. It strikes the human body when the pancreas loses the ability to synthesize a sufficient amount of insulin.
Insulin is a pancreatic protein hormone that provides regulation of carbohydrate metabolism in the body, by the way, bodybuilders use it to gain weight.
Insulin affects blood sugar levels. If diabetes remains uncontrolled, the glucose level rises, hyperglycemia develops, which over time leads to damage to internal organs and systems.
There are two types of diabetes. Type 1 is characterized by poor insulin production. Most likely, this unhealthiness is of a genetic nature and cannot be prevented.
Type 2 disease is different when the body uses insulin incorrectly / inefficiently. Usually this malady is acquired, it develops due to factors such as a sedentary lifestyle and overweight. It develops gradually over a long period of time, unlike type 1 diabetes. Therefore, often some symptoms go unnoticed and the body receives some damage, for example, a man can develop erectile dysfunction (ED). There is good news: this form of the disease can be prevented.
Medicamentous Treatment of the Disease
Type II of the illness may be treated with the following drugs:
- Metformin (Glucophage, Glumetza, Obimet, Dianben and other brand names), which lowers glucose formation in the liver and enhances insulin sensitivity.
- Sulfonylureas. This cohort of medicaments includes glyburide (Glibenclamide), glipizide (Glucotrol, Glucotrol XL, Minodiab), and glimepiride (Glimepiride Accord Healthcare, Vedapride, Ziglim).
- Meglitinides. They are similar to sulfonylureas but provide faster effect and have shorter half-life. Meglitinide group include repaglinide and nateglinide.
- Thiazolidinediones. They boost insulin sensitiveness. Thiazolidinedione class comprises rosiglitazone (Avandia, Diaben, Diazan) and pioglitazone (Actos, Apo-Pioglitazone, Glidipion, etc.).
- Insulin. It may be long-acting (insulin glargine Lantus) and rapid-acting (Humalog by Eli Lilly).
- Other meds. These include SGLT2 inhibitors, GLP-1 receptor agonists, and DPP-4 inhibitors.
People suffering from type 1 diabetes need lifelong insulin therapy.
A lot of the abovementioned meds (their generic versions) can be easily bought in the Canadian Health Care Mall.
Living with Diabetes
Is it possible to live a full life with diabetes? Doctors believe that this is certainly possible if you (and your relatives) take care of yourself. You have to eat in time, administer insulin correctly (or take antidiabetic pills in time), select an adequate dose, monitor blood sugar, etc. Exercise every day for at least 30 minutes. You should also limit stressful situations, because they are associated with glucose fluctuations in the blood and negative effects on the body, for example, if your work is stressful and you can do nothing about it, you should change the job (employment). Of course, life with diabetes is more difficult than the life of a healthy person. It is associated with constant obstacles and difficulties, but it can be full.
In order to lead the same way of life that was familiar to a patient before the disease, he / she and his / her family members need to learn the basic rules of self-control.
If you learn how to independently assess changes in your condition, regularly determine the level of glucose in the blood, you can achieve very good results.
Although you can live a full life, there are some limitations. The following habits, which may have a negative effect on the body of a diabetic person, should be abandoned:
- drinking alcohol in high dosages;
- snacks between the main (carefully planned) meals;
- skipping scheduled meals;
- smoking tobacco;
- use of narcotic drugs.
The abovementioned recommendations mostly concern both diabetics and healthy people. They help to maintain the health of the body and prevent the development of various dangerous diseases (not only diabetes, but also cardiovascular illnesses, gastrointestinal tract conditions, etc.).