Last Updated on July 29, 2020 by Dr. Philip Schein MD
According to statistics of medical examinations, chronic prostatitis is detected in 50% of men aged 20-50, and benign prostatic hyperplasia – in 40% of men over the age of 50. If we take into account erectile dysfunction, we can confidently say that diseases of this nature are the most common in men.
Although it is impossible to broadly cover all male urological diseases, below we will try to provide generalized information regarding the types, symptoms and methods of treatment of this group of medical problems.
Types of Diseases in Urology
The diseases of this category in men include:
- Benign prostatic hyperplasia (adenoma). This is a non-cancerous tumor, usually this disease occurs in men older than 30-35. It is characterized by unpleasant urinary symptoms, including frequent urination, frequent visits to the toilet at night (nocturia), a feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder, dribbling during urination, weak urine stream, etc.
- Prostatitis. This is the most famous disease of the prostate gland. It can occur at any age, but the risk of getting sick increases with age, especially with a sedentary lifestyle. Prostatitis can be acute and chronic. There are several symptoms of prostatitis: increased anxiety, nervousness, which are caused by patients’ focusing attention on their condition; disorders of the body’s sexual function (erectile dysfunction), disorders of the genitourinary system (problems with urination), as well as pain in the lower abdomen.
- Urethritis. This is a urethra disease , which is triggered by canal wall damage caused by various kinds of bacteria and viruses. Urethritis can occur due to hypothermia, sexual infection, trauma, improper diet and water intake schedule (insufficient fluid intake), chronic inflammatory processes in other parts of the body, excessive physical exertion and subsequent weakening of the body.
- Erectile Dysfunction (ED). This disorder is characterized by the inability to achieve a normal erection. The reasons can be different, from psychogenic to organic ones (vascular damage, impaired blood flow, etc.). Men often ask the question – What kind of doctor is involved in the treatment of erectile dysfunction? In this case, most likely a urologist will be a team leader. If the ailment is caused by hormonal disruptions, you need to contact an endocrinologist. A cardiologist may also intervene, since ED is often an early predictor of cardiovascular disease. You might be interested in: Can ED Develop in Young Men?
- Cystitis. This is an inflammatory disease of the bladder. Men suffer from this disease less frequently than women, because their urethra is longer and narrower than in women, which reduces the risk of infection inside the bladder. Often male cystitis is secondary; it develops due to the presence of problems with the prostate gland.
- Epididymitis. This disease is associated with the testis appendage, it is characterized by the inflammatory process, swelling, and hyperemia (severe redness) of the scrotum. Sometimes it is accompanied by inflammation of the testicle itself (orchiepididymitis). Usually this disease is one-sided, but bilateral cases also occur. In general, infections (mainly sexually transmitted ones) are the cause of epididymitis.
Symptoms of Urological Diseases in Men
Even irregular and especially constant manifestation of the following symptoms should alert you:
- the appearance of rashes, redness in the penis and testicles;
- pain, itching, burning in the mucous membrane of the penis and / or urethra;
- difficult or too frequent urination, other problems with the bladder;
- pain in the perineum and lower abdomen;
- discomfort that occurs during sexual intercourse or its end;
- inability to get a normal erection;
- bloody or mucous discharge, unpleasant odor.
The above symptoms may indicate the presence of an inflammatory disease or a sexually transmitted one.
A related topic: Preventing Erectile Dysfunction Wisely: Useful Tips
Specific drugs and other methods depend on the urological disease. Often men do not want to see a doctor because of embarrassment and mixed feelings, since urological ailments are quite intimate. They hope that the problem will go away on its own, but often only exacerbate the situation. Usually, urologists are tactful and delicate when talking to patients. Moreover, do not forget that you are not alone with this problem, as millions of patients around the world are faced with urological diseases.
Here are some examples of treatment. A popular remedy for prostatic hyperplasia is Cialis (tadalafil). It eliminates the symptoms of BPH and erectile dysfunction at the same time, given that these diseases are often found in combination. This is a very beneficial advantage of the yellow pill.
I’m an Oncologist and Hematology Specialist primary located in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania. I have over 55 years of experience in the medical field and more than 20 years of practice. I’m skilled at the treatment & diagnosis of a large array of ailments & diseases in adults.
- American Board of Internal Medicine Certification in Internal Medicine
- American Board of Hematology Certification in Hematology
- American Board of Medical Oncology Certification in Medical Oncology